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Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov (Russian: Николай Геннадиевич Басов) (December 14, 1922 – July 1, 2001) was a Soviet physicist and educator. For his fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics that lead to the development of laser and maser, Basov shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics with Aleksandr Prokhorov and Charles Hard Townes.[1]